Dobrogea Rumänien - Regionen
Die Dobrudscha ist eine historische Landschaft in Südosteuropa zwischen dem Unterlauf der Donau und dem Schwarzen Meer. Die Landschaft bildet das Grenzgebiet zwischen Südostrumänien und Nordostbulgarien. Die Dobrudscha (rumänisch Dobrogea, bulgarisch Добруджа (Dobrudža), türkisch Dobruca; auch Trans-Danubien) ist eine historische Landschaft in. Die Dobrudscha (Dobrogea) ist ein flacher Küstenstreifen mit vielen Sumpfgebieten im nördlichen Teil und den Limanen-Seen der Donau. Weiter im. Dobrogea (Dobrudscha): Hier entstehen Weiß- und Rotweine und der bekannte Dessertwein Murfatlar. 16 Einträge. Beste Ergebnisse. Dobrogea. Nicolae SARAMANDU (Bukarest), Manuela NEVACI (Bukarest) 1. Aromânii s-au stabilit în Dobrogea între cele două războaie mondiale, în fostele.
Dobrogea (Dobrudscha): Hier entstehen Weiß- und Rotweine und der bekannte Dessertwein Murfatlar. 16 Einträge. Beste Ergebnisse. Die Dobrudscha ist eine historische Landschaft in Südosteuropa zwischen dem Unterlauf der Donau und dem Schwarzen Meer. Die Landschaft bildet das Grenzgebiet zwischen Südostrumänien und Nordostbulgarien. Die Dobrudscha (rumänisch Dobrogea, bulgarisch Добруджа (Dobrudža), türkisch Dobruca; auch Trans-Danubien) ist eine historische Landschaft in.
Dobrogea VideoLaura si Dobrogea Band - Dintr-o mie de probleme(cover) Update zu COVIDSehenswürdigkeiten sind unter Umständen ganz oder teilweise geschlossen, um die Verbreitung des Coronavirus einzudämmen. Die rumänische Weinbauregion Dobrogea liegt zwischen der Donau und dem Schwarzen Meer. Das Klima ist von viel Sonnenschein und geringen. Research paper. New and Rare Macrolepidoptera (Insecta) from Romanian Dobrogea (South-East Romania). Article (PDF Available) in. Dobrogea liegt weit im Osten Rumäniens und grenzt an Schwarze Meer. Unter maritimem Einfluss wachsen hier Trauben für erstklassige Weine. Bekanntester. 51 Nicolae Iorga, Pretenţii germane în Dobrogea [Deutsche Ansprüche in der Dobrudscha], in: Neamul Românesc [Das Rumänische Volk], 19 (), Nr. ,.
Dobrogea - HighlightsErlebnisdatum: Juli Übersetzung bewerten. Rumänien - Dobrogea. Filter Dobrogea. Wein aus Frankreich. Das Beste in der Umgebung. Wein aus Portugal. Diese Website verwendet Cookies, um Ihr Parship Email AdreГџe zu verbessern, die Sicherheit der Seite zu verstärken und Ihnen personalisierte Werbung anzuzeigen. Dobrogea Gorges Reserve, Constanta. Vielen Dank für Ihre Hilfe! Durch die Registrierung gehen Sie keine Verpflichtungen ein. Registrieren Anmelden. Ein Besuch ….
Most Romanians and foreigners appreciate the Danube Delta for its uniqueness, for the peace that reigns here, but also for natural riches.
The Dobrogea cuisine, mostly made of fish-based dishes, is a mix of Greek, Turkish, Bulgarian, and Romanian flavours.
One of the dishes that characterize this region is the Tripe Soup. To make this delicious soup, beef tripe is mixed with carrots, onions, pepper and garlic.
It is flavored afterwards with vinegar or sour cream. Murfatlar winery : Murfatlar, the largest wine producing area in Romania, is located about ten kilometers away from the Black Sea coast.
The days of sunshine, along with the cold breeze of the sea, make this area ideal for the production of sweet and dry wines such as Chardonnay, Pinot Gris and Muscat Ottonel.
Sarica Niculitel Winery , located in the northern part of Dobrogea, nearby Tulcea, and surrounded by hills laden with vines, is well-know for the centuries-old winemaking tradition.
Niculitel wormwood is produced by a special technique: three quarters of the cylinder are filled with white and black grapes, plus walnut, quince and apple flowers, after which wine or must is poured in.
Ask your questions at: info[ ]visit-romania. Latest Posts No posts were found. Find Your Destination. Sign In. In the second part of the 8th century BC, the first signs of commercial relations between the indigenous population and the Greeks appeared on the shore of the Halmyris Gulf now the Sinoe Lake.
In the 5th century BC these colonies were under the influence of the Delian League , passing in this period from oligarchy to democracy.
In the 3rd century BC, colonies on the Dobrujan coast paid tribute to the basilei Zalmodegikos and Moskon , who probably also ruled northern Dobruja.
In the same century, Celts settled in the north of the region. Early Greek scholars such as Herodotus appear to have regarded the region as the a south-western extension of Scythia — a practice also followed in a 2nd Century BC inscription, recording a decree made in Histria, which refers to the region surrounding the Greek city as Scythia.
The Greeks thus apparently distinguished it from Scythia Major , which lay north of the Danube delta. Declared friend and ally of the Roman people by Octavian ,  Rholes helped Crassus in conquering the states of Dapyx in central Dobruja and Zyraxes in the north of the region.
The Greek cities on the coast formed a praefectura orae maritimae. The Geto—Dacians invaded the region several times in the 1st century AD, especially between 62 and In the same period, the base of the Roman Danube fleet classis Flavia Moesica was moved to Noviodunum.
In the same year Domitian divided Moesia, Dobruja being included in the eastern part, Moesia Inferior. The invading army was defeated by the Roman legions under Emperor Trajan on the Yantra river.
Later Nicopolis ad Istrum was founded there to commemorate the victory. The invaders were also defeated near the modern village of Adamclisi , in the southern part of Dobruja.
The latter victory was commemorated by the a monument , built in at the site, and the founding of the city of Tropaeum.
In Hadrian intervened in the region to calm a Sarmatian rebellion. The province was generally stable and prosperous until the crisis of the Third Century , which led to the weakening of defences and numerous barbarian invasions.
In a fleet of allied Goths, Heruli , Bastarnae and Sarmatians attacked the cities on the coast, including Tomis.
The same emperor put an end to the crisis in the Roman Empire, thus helping the reconstruction of the province.
During the reign of Diocletian , Dobruja was organized administratively as a separate province, called Scythia , part of the Diocese of Thracia.
Its capital city was Tomis. In — Constantine the Great defeated the Goths who attacked the province. But Dobruja was devastated again by Ostrogoths in — Under the Roman emperors Licinius , Julian the Apostate , and Valens , the cities of the region were repaired or rebuilt.
Between and , the region participated in a revolt against Anastasius I. In , the Gepid commander Mundus repelled a new invasion by Bulgars and Antes.
Kutrigurs and Avars invaded the region several times, until —, when the Avars under Bayan I were settled south of the Danube as foederati.
In during the mutiny of the Byzantine army in the Balkans under Phocas , a large mass of Slavs crossed the Danube, settling south of the Danube.
Dobruja remained under loose Byzantine control, and was reorganised during the reign of Constantine IV as Thema Scythia.
The results of archaeological researches indicate that the Byzantine presence in Dobruja's mainland and on the banks of Danube was reduced in the end of the 6th century, under the pressure of the Migration Period.
In the coastal fortifications on the southern bank of Danube, the latest Byzantine coin found dates from the time of the emperors Tiberius II Constantine — and Heraclius — After that period, all inland Byzantine cities were demolished by the invaders and abandoned.
They have been dated to the end of the 6th and the beginning of the 7th centuries. According to the peace treaty of , signed after the Bulgarian victory over Byzantines in the Battle of Ongala , Dobruja became part of the First Bulgarian Empire.
According to Bulgarian historians, during the 7th—10th centuries, the region was fortified by construction of a large network of earthen and wooden strongholds and ramparts.
Khan Omurtag — built a "glorious home on Danube" and erected a mound in the middle of the distance between Pliska and his new building, according to his inscription kept in SS.
Forty Martyrs Church in Veliko Tarnovo. Sviatoslav defeated the Bulgarians led by Boris II and proceeded to occupy the whole of northern Bulgaria.
He occupied Dobruja in and moved the capital of Kievan Rus' to Pereyaslavets , in the north of the region.
Sviatoslav refused to turn his Balkan conquests over to the Byzantines, and the parties fell out as a result. According to some historians, soon after  or in , the southern part of Dobruja was included in the Bulgarian state then ruled by Samuel.
The northern part remained under Byzantine rule, being reorganised in an autonomous klimata.
To prevent mounted attacks from the north, the Byzantines constructed three ramparts from the Black Sea down to the Danube, in the 10th—11th centuries.
From the 10th century, Byzantines accepted small groups of Pechenegs settling in Dobruja. In the Byzantines accepted the Pecheneg under Kegen settling in Paristrion as foederati.
In , an invasion by the Oghuz Turks affected the region. During to , when Nestor the new strategos of Paristrion was in Dristra, he found that the Pecheneg ruler, Tatrys, was leading a rebellion.
The Cumans moved into Dobruja in and were influential in the region until the advent of the Ottoman Empire. In , the first Tatar groups, under Kadan , invaded Dobruja starting a century long history of turmoil in the region.
In the second part of the 13th century, the Turco—Mongolian Golden Horde Empire continuously raided and plundered Dobruja.
The war with the Tatars continued. In , after a new Tatar invasion in Dobruja, Ivailo was forced to retreat to the strong fortress of Silistra, where he withstood a three-month siege.
Ivailo had to flee to his enemy the Tatar Nogai Khan , who later killed him. For his bravery, Dobrotitsa received the title of strategos and married the daughter of megadux Apokaukos.
Balik and Theodore died during the confrontation, and Dobrotitsa became the new ruler. Between and , with the collapse of Golden Horde rule in Northern Dobruja, a new state appeared.
It was controlled by Tatar prince Demetrius , who claimed to be the protector of the river mouths of the Danube. In Dobrotitsa was mentioned as a despot ruling over a large territory, including the fortresses of Varna , Kozeakos near Obzor , and Emona.
On his return, he was captured at Vidin by Ivan Alexander , Tsar of Tarnovo , who believed that the new alliances were directed against his realm.
Dobrotitsa collaborated with the crusaders, and after the allies conquered several Bulgarian forts on the Black Sea, Ivan Alexander freed John and negotiated a peace agreement.
Dobrotitsa's role in this conflict brought him numerous political advantages: his daughter married one of John V's sons, Michael, and his principality extended its control over some of the forts lost by the Bulgarians Anchialos and Mesembria.
In , after the death of prince Demetrius, Dobrotitsa was recognised as ruler by Pangalia and other cities on the right bank of the Danube.
In , he tried to impose his son-in law, Michael, as Emperor of Trebizond , but was unsuccessful. In , the Dobrujan fleet participated in the blockade of Constantinople , fighting with the Genoese fleet.
That same year he accepted a peace agreement with Murad I and in signed a commercial treaty with Genoa. The expedition brought most of the Dobrujan forts under Turkish rule.
Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I conquered the southern part of the territory in , attacking Mircea one year later, but without success.
In the spring of Mircea regained the lost Dobrujan territories, with the help of his Hungarian allies.
The Ottomans recaptured Dobruja in and ruled it to , although in Mircea strongly defeated an Ottoman army. Mircea took advantage of it to organise a new anti-Ottoman campaign: in , he occupied the Genoese fort of Kilia at the mouths of the Danube.
Thus in , he could impose his authority on Dobruja. After Mircea's death in , his son Mihail I fought against the amplified Ottoman attacks, eventually being killed in a battle in Wallachia kept only the mouths of the Danube, but not for a long duration.
In the late 14th century, German traveller Johann Schiltberger described these lands as follows: . I was in three regions, and all three were called Bulgaria.
The third Bulgaria is there, where the Danube flows into the sea. Its capital is called Kaliakra.
Occupied by the Turks in , the region remained under Ottoman control until the late 19th century. Initially, it was organised as an u dj border province , included in the sanjak of Silistra, part of the Eyalet of Rumelia.
Britannica Quiz. A Visit to Europe. Which of these bodies of water does not lie alongside Finland? Learn More in these related Britannica articles:.
The Dobruja Dobrodgea tableland, an ancient, eroded rock mass in the southeast, has an average elevation of feet metres and reaches a maximum elevation of 1, feet metres in the Pricopan Hills.
From its gains in the First Balkan War, Bulgaria retained only a small part of eastern Macedonia, the Pirin region, and a portion of eastern Thrace.
Bosnia-Herzegovina was to be autonomous. Parts of Asiatic Turkey were ceded to Russia, and the Ottoman sultan gave guarantees for the security of his Christian subjects.
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